Where great Russian authors lived and wrote
Moscow has always been home to many great people. Writers and poets wrote their creations in old mansions and narrow alleys, got married in Orthodox churches, and dedicated their writing to different city streets. It’s important to be familiar with works by Pushkin, Bulgakov, and Gogol, but it’s just as important to learn more about their lives. Apartment locations, furniture, favorite routes and gathering places can help us better understand their ideas, thoughts, and farewell messages.
There are almost thirty literature museums in Russia. They include real homes of famous writers, memorial expositions, and museums that are simply dedicated to their writing. We’ve put together a list of the most interesting spaces.
Vladimir Dahl Russian State Literary Museum
- Address: Trubnikovsky Pereulok 17, bldg. 1, m. Smolenskaya, Arbatskaya
- Phone and fax: +8(495) 695-44-94
- Website: http://goslitmuz.ru
Vladimir Dahl Russian State Literary Museum is the largest literary museum in Russia and ones of the biggest literary museums in the world. The museum has a unique collection with over 500,000 museum items, including: about 20,000 documents and manuscripts; over 2,000 paintings; over 90,000 original and printed graphics; 7,500 crafts and sentimental items that belonged to Russian writers; 110,000 negatives and photographs; about 30,000 audio and video materials; 90,000 rare books. The museum’s research library includes 175,000 volumes.
The museum was established on July 16, 1934. It was supposed to house “scattered manuscripts of fiction and biographical works,” as well as “everything that is available in Moscow in various museums” on the subject of literature. During the first seven years of the museum’s existence, more than 3 million items of storage were collected: manuscripts, books, documents, photographs, paintings, graphics, arts and crafts, sentimental items.
To date, the museum’s collection includes over half a million items, which have filled up 11 memorial expositions now known to Russians and foreigners alike: the Museum-Apartment of F.M. Dostoevsky (part of the State Museum since 1940), the House-Museum of Anton Chekhov (1954), the Museum-Apartment of A. V. Lunacharsky (1964), the House-Museum of Alexander Herzen (1976), the Lermontov House-Museum (1981), the Tolstoy Museum-Apartment (1987), the Museum of Mikhail Mikhailovich Prishvin in the village of Dunino (1980), the Pasternak House Museum in Peredelkino ( 1990), the K.I. Chukovsky House Museum in Peredelkino (1995), the Silver Age Museum (1999), and the Solzhenitsyn Museum in Kislovodsk (2014).
Moreover, the collections of the State Museum are represented in the permanent historical and literary exposition “A. S. Pushkin and the Russian literature of the Silver Age “(since 1999), as well many other exhibitions, each of which could serve as the basis of a full-fledged literary museum.
In the absence of the main building in the spring of 2014, the museum opened an exhibition called “Literary Museum: a memory of the future” in 11 halls of the Grand Palace in the Tsaritsyno Museum Reserve. Guests could see over 1,200 rarities that show the potential variety of topics related to the history of literature and book culture of the 11th – 21st centuries.
In December 2014, the building on Shelaputinsky Pereulok opened after renovations. It was erected at the end of the 19th century for Savva Morozov. The building houses several museum departments that have long been in need of a modern depository.
- Address: Ulitsya Malaya Molchanovka 2, m. Arbatskaya
- Phone: 8 (495) 691-52-98, 8 (495) 691-18-60
- Hours of operation: Tuesday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday – 11.00am – 6.00pm, Wednesday, Thursday – 11.00 am – 9.00pm, Monday – closed
- Website: http://goslitmuz.ru/museums/dom-muzey-m-yu-lermontova/
Opened on February 19, 1981 as part of the State Literary Museum. This house, which was rented by the poet’s grandmother Elizabeth Arsenyeva on August 1, 1829, is where Lermontov lived until the summer of 1832. For the 200-year anniversary of Mikhail Lermontov, the museum was renovated. It re-opened its doors on May 18, 2014.
This is the only memorial house dedicated to Mikhail Lermontov in Moscow that has been preserved until the present day. It is an invaluable artefact and a significant exhibit of the museum. The museum’s exhibition tells the story of Lermontov’s studies at the University Noble Boarding School, the Moscow Imperial University, and of the poet’s intense spiritual and creative life.
The memorial part of the house consists of restored interiors of an 1830s mansion, with matching sentimental items and furniture. There are also items from the Lermotov collections of the State Literary Museum, including family portraits, Lermontov’s drawings and paintings, and books autographed by the author.
The exposition houses the most precious relic of the museum – a self-portrait of the poet. There are two books with Lermontov’s autographs. Familial portraits of Lermontov’s mother – Maria Mikhailovna, his grandmother Elizabeth Alekseyevna and the poet himself in early childhood; a watercolor portrait of his father, Yuri Petrovich, painted by Mikhail Yurievich Lermontov himself. There are other portraits painted by Lermontov’s as well – people he was close to, drawings, oil paintings with views of the Caucasus.
Sergei Yesenin Museum
- Address: Bolshoy Strochenovsky Pereulok 24, bldg. 2, m. Serpukhovskaya, Dobryninskaya
- Tel: 8 (495) 954-97-64, 8 (495) 958-16-74
- Hours of operation: Wednesday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday – 10.00am – 6.00pm, Thursday – 1.00pm – 9.00pm, Monday, Tuesday – closed
- Website: http://esenin-museum.ru
Sergei Yesenin is a poet who lived a short life (he was 30 years old when he died). In this period of time, he managed to write hundreds of beautiful poems, both short and long, prose, and reflections on spiritual life, philosophy, religion, the Russian revolution, cultural events in Russia and abroad, and the greatest works of literature.
The Sergei Yesenin museum opened in Moscow in 1995, for the poet’s 100-year anniversary. This house in Moscow was Yesenin’s only official address. His father lived here for 30 years, and the writer himself was registered at this address from 1911 to 1918. The literature and memorial part of the exhibition contains Yesenin’s personal items, manuscripts and lifetime editions, rare documents, and photographs of the poet and his life.
A tour of the museum will help visitors get to know the life and work of Sergei Yesenin. The tour encompasses the writer’s entire creative journey. There is an accent on the period of time he spent in Moscow (1912 – 1915), but the Petersburg period is showcased as well (1915 – 1918), Yesenin’s collaborations with the Imagists (1918 – 1921), as well as the time he spent in the Caucasus.
During the tour, visitors will be able to see things that belonged to the poet, photographs, audio recordings of Yesenin reading his own work, as well as rare 20th century newsreels. Tours with guides take place on Thursdays at 7.00pm and Fridays at 5.00pm. Guests need to sign up in advance. You can listen to the tour in Russian, English, and German.
Mikhail Bulgakov Museum
- Address: Bolshaya Sadovaya 10 (entrance through the arc), entrance 3, 4th floor, apt. 50, m. Mayakovskaya, Pushkinskaya, Tverskaya
- Phone: 8 (495) 699-53-66
- Hours of operation: Monday – closed, Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday – 12.00pm – 7.00pm, Thursday – 2.00pm – 9.00pm
- Website: http://bulgakovmuseum.ru
Mikhail Bulgakov came to Moscow in the fall of 1921 and his romance with the city began immediately. Bulgakov wrote a lot in Moscow. In 1922-1924, his stories about the city and the series of essays “The Capital in a Notebook” were very popular. Bulgakov loved going for walks and explored every street in Moscow. He knew everything about the city, main squares and back-end alleys alike. He also liked skiing with friends along the Moscow River and Neskuchny Sad.
Bulgakov’s Moscow is first and foremost the area around the Patriarch’s Ponds and Prechistenka. The author’s first permanent address was Bolshaya Sadovaya 10. He lived here for almost three years (1921 – 1924). Right now, the former communal apartment No.50 houses the Mikhail Bulgakov Museum.
Bulgakov is still considered to be Moscow’s greatest writer of the 20th century. The old parts of the city come alive in his writing. After reading his work, we can easily pick out the old streets, homes, and squares of the Moscow he loved to take walks in. His books are filled with places in Moscow, and Moscow in turned is full of Bulgakov’s stories.
Sculptures of Koroviev and Behemoths, characters from the novel “The Master and Margarita,” greet visitors in front of the museum. Bulgakov’s room is a unique space where the writer spent several incredibly productive years. This is where he wrote “A Young Doctor’s Notebook,” “The Fatal Eggs,” “D’Iavoliada,” “Morphine,” and “The White Guard.”
There are tours every Wednesday at 6.00pm, 7.00pm, and 8.00pm. Entry is free every third Sunday of every month.
The Alexander Pushkin Museum on Prechistenka
- Address: Prechistenka 12/2, m. Kropotkinskaya
- Phone: 8 (495) 637-56-74
- Hours: 10.00 am – 6.00 pm (ticket booth open until 5.30pm), Thursdays – 12.00pm – 9.00pm (ticket booth open until 8.30pm). Entry is free every third Sunday of the month, Monday – closed
- Website: www.pushkinmuseum.ru
This is one of the most widely-known cultural centers in Moscow and Russia. The historic mansion on Prechistinka houses the permanent exhibitions “Pushkin and his Era” and “Pushkin’s Fairy Tales,” exhibition halls, a reading room, and concert and conference halls. There are also museum funds with open storage of rare books, painted, graphic and miniature portraits from the 18th – 19th centuries, porcelain, bronze, art glass and ceramics, and genealogical materials.
The museum’s collection has over 4,000 decorative items, which were produced by Russian and European masters of the 18th and 19th centuries. There are also items related to the end of the 19th and 20th centuries, usually associated with Pushkin’s jubilees.
The collection of prints (print graphics) is one of the largest and most important museum collections in terms of artistic, historical and cultural significance. It includes about 20,000 items: works of graphic art (prints on paper) created in a variety of engraving techniques – wood, metal, linoleum, flat print from stone.
The rare books fund has over 46,000 publications in Russian and foreign languages. The museum has almost all of Alexander Pushkin’s lifetime editions. Pushkin: from the poem “Ruslan and Lyudmila” (1820) to the third edition of “Eugene Onegin,” which was published in early January 1837.
Printed in small format in color lithographed covers with a very large circulation (5,000 copies), the novel “Eugene Onegin” immediately sold out after the poet died. The museum’s collection includes 14 copies of this edition, including two with typographical covers. Particularly interesting is a copy with notes on each page from Pushkin’s contemporaries and people who owned the book in later years. Two rare copies of the 1827 edition of “Bakhchisarai Fountain” (both in beautiful leather bindings) can also be found in the museum.
- Address: Nikitsky Boulevard 7a, m. Arbatskaya
- Tel: 8 (495) 690-58-81, 8 (495) 691-45-47
- Hours of operation: Wednesday – Friday – 12.00pm – 7.00pm, Thursday – 2.00pm – 9.00pm, Saturday, Sunday 12.00pm – 6.00pm, Last day of the month – closed
- Website: http://www.domgogolya.ru
In the very center of Moscow, on Nikitsky Boulevard next to Arbatskaya Square there is an old city manor that dates all the way back to the 17th century. It houses the only museum dedicated to Nikolai Gogol in Russia. The cast-iron gates lead toward the courtyard, where there is a statue of Nikolai Gogol made for his 100-year anniversary. On the right there is an empire-style house with an arcade. Gogol spent the last three years of his life here. He died on February 21, 1852. To the left of the monument there is a shed that contains the homestead’s utility rooms.
In 1832, the young author made a successful debut with “Evenings on a Farm near Dikanka.” His work was embraced by all famous Moscow writers of the time. In Moscow, Gogol used to meet with the most famous people of that time, including writers, poets, artists, and composers.
Gogol started living in the house on Nikitsky in 1848 at the invitation of count A. Tolstoy, a prominent statesman, and countess A. Tolstaya, a princess of Georgia. Tolstoy and his wife belonged to a really small group of people who were close with Gogol.
The museum’s exhibition is located in the suite of rooms on the ground floor of the manor. Each room has an object that serves as the focal point. It’s a symbolic installation that reflects the main theme of the room. There is a “chest of wanderings” in the hallway, a fireplace in the living room, a desk in the office, an armchair in the “Inspector” hall, and a Gogol’s death mask in the memory room. All other items, like furniture and interior decorations, are secondary to the main item in the room. The museum has real historical items and works of art, along with things that belonged to Gogol.
Gogol worked on the second volume of “Dead Souls” in two rooms on the ground floor. According to Gogol, the work was supposed to reflect all of Rus. In Moscow, where he spent the last period of his life, the writer prepared the second collection of his essays. He worked on his spiritual prose.
Everybody who came here usually found Gogol working, standing in front of his tall desk or rewriting a manuscript at the table. The author often read the text outloud, playing out entire scenes.
The second floor of the exhibition is an introduction to Gogol’s books, as well as research about his life and art. There are portraits of the homeowners, engravings, lithographs with images of places that are in some way connected to the author.
The Gogol’s House fund contains about a quarter of a million items. It’s diverse in terms of content. Readers can look through the catalogues and find books, magazines, and newspapers on just about any subject.
The collection is based on over 250 rare books from the 19th century. Gogol’s House orders rare editions from second-hand book sellers and cooperates with publishers that publish books in the humanitarian sphere.
- Address: Vozdvizhenka 3/5, building G, entrance 3, 4th floor, m. Biblioteka Imeni Lenina, Aleksandrovsky Sad
- Phone: 8 (499) 557-04-70, ext. 26-72
- Hours: Monday – Saturday – 10.00am – 8.00pm, Sunday: closed. Entry is free for all visitors
- Website: http://www.rsl.ru
The Russian State Library in Moscow has a museum you can visit without a library card. This peaceful, silent kingdom has shelves packed with the rarest volumes. There are displays with ancients scrolls and papyrus. Aside from books, there are also items associated with their creation.
The museum has the most valuable items of the largest Russian library. You can also trace the key stages of the development of the press on original samples. The book is not only the most important medium of information, but a real work of art. There is something here for both rare book lovers and people who are interested in visiting unusual museums in general.
The museum is located in the reading room of the department of rare books. The idea of opening such an institution arose in 1918, and the first permanent exhibition on the history of the development of the Russian and foreign book world, was opened 5 years later. It initially included more than 2,000 publications, from ancient incunabula to fresh editions of Gosizdat from the 1920s.
The museum exhibits unique Russian and foreign editions from the 15th – 19th centuries, printed graphics, items that belonged to famous writers, and items related to the art of writing.
Here you can get acquainted with the prototypes of the modern book: papyrus, clay tablet, unusual forms of oriental books from palm leaves. The exposition presents a facsimile edition of the Arkhangelsk Gospel in 1092 and the Gutenberg Bible from the 15th century. There are also elaborately decorated first European printed books and the first books with the Cyrillic script of Schwaipolt Fiola, Francis Skaryna and Ivan Fedorov.
There are also the first (including lifetime) editions of works by famous scientists and writers: Cervantes, Newton, Lomonosov, Goethe, Pushkin, Mendeleev, Einstein. Books from collections of collectors, Russian and foreign monarchs, unusual publications on silk and a cork, volumes less than a centimeter – you can get acquainted with all these items on a tour of the museum.
Fyodor Dostoyevsky Museum-Apartment
- Address: Ulitsya Dostoyevskovo 2, m. Dostoyevskaya
- Tel: 8 (495) 681-10-85
- Hours of operation: Tuesday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday – 11.00am – 6.00pm (ticket office open until 5:30pm), Wednesday, Thursday – 11.00am – 9.00pm (ticket office open until 8:30pm), Monday – closed
- Website: http://goslitmuz.ru/museums/muzey-kvartira-f-m-dostoevskogo/
One of the first literary museums in Moscow and the first Dostoyevsky museum in the world. The museum was established on November 11, 1928, in honor of the writer’s birthday. It became part of the State Literary Museum in the 1940s. The total area of the space is 235 square meters, and over 7,000 people visit the museum every year. The museum is located in the north wing of the former Mariinsky Hospital for the poor, which was built in 1806 in the style of late Russian classicism.
On October 30 (November 11 if we go by the new calendar) 1821, Fyodor Dostoyevsky was born in the right wing of this same hospital, in an apartment his father occupied at the time. Fyodor spent the first 15 years of his life in the apartment on Novaya Bozhedomka. It was named after him in 1954. In May 1837, he left for Saint Petersburg to go to engineering school. It’s worth noting that the building has never been reconstructed. the walls, stoves, and other elements look like they did during Dostoyevsky’s lifetime. The buildings adjacent to the memorial apartment were reconstructed in 1979 – 1982. The apartment’s historical interior was recreated based on the memoirs of Dostoyevsky’s younger brother. He left behind detailed descriptions of the apartment, including drawings and sketches.
The work of commemorating Dostoyevsky was started by the writer’s widow, Anna Dostoyevskaya. Aside from editions of Doestoyevsky’s works, she collected over a thousand items connected to her husband. The museum’s collection also includes the hospital hallway, which exhibits Dostoyevsky’s pen – an item that symbolizes the writer’s fate.
Dostoyevsky’s museum in Moscow has two exhibitions. In the first one, visitors can learn about the writer’s life and family. There are all kinds of rare items, furniture, dishes, glasses, hats, calendars, and the writer’s very first book, which he received as a present when he was a child. The rooms have a unique atmosphere; it feels like the great writer still lives there. On top of the desk there are notes and works written by Dostoyevsky, as well as writing utensils. Special attention is paid to the writer’s small Bible, which accompanied him throughout his entire life.
The second exhibition is Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s literary world, and is located in the living room. Here you can find all of Dostoyevsky’s works, photographs and autographs of the author and his contemporaries, manuscripts, engravings and lithographs of Moscow, valuable portraits of Dostoevsky’s grandmother and his great-grandfather. Family music evenings took place here.
The Dostoyevsky museum is often visited by actors who play the writer on stage. It has also been visited by famous directors such as Luchino Visconti, Andrzej Wajda, and Krzysztof Zanussi.
Leo Tolstoy Museum. Literary Exhibition on Prechistenka
- Address: Prechistenka 11/8, m. Kropotkinskaya
- Tel: 8 (495) 637-74-10, book tours: 8 (495) 637-74-10
- Hours of operation: Tuesday, Thursday –12.00pm – 8.00pm, Wednesday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday –10.00am-6.00pm, Monday and last Friday of every month – closed
- Website: http://tolstoymuseum.ru
The small and cozy museum on Prechistenka showcases portraits of Leo Tolstoy from different time periods, original manuscripts, and items from the life of the great Russian writer.
The main literary exhibition, dedicated to the life and work of Leo Tolstoy, is located inside the house built in 1817. It was designed by the architect A. Grigoriev. The famous architect rebuilt a lot of Moscow after the fire of 1812.
The wooden building is an architectural monument of the first quarter of the 19th century and is a unique example of post-fire Moscow. There is a suite of ceremonial rooms with plafond paintings, white columns and bas-reliefs on the facade. The house, the outbuilding and the small courtyard are the perfect example of an urban noble estate. Special attention is paid to interiors and ceiling paintings. Be sure to stop and look up so you don’t miss out!
The museum has rotated through several exhibitions through its 100-year history: “Leo Tolstoy is the whole world,” “His soul encompasses everyone and everything,” and “Leo Tolstoy and his era.” They contain the first daguerreotypes, Tolstoy’s first sketches, the first editions of his work and the first illustrations for his books, the monumental works of great artists and sculptors, modern editions of Tolstoy’s works, and other items connected to Tolstoy and the people who were close to him.
The room dedicated to Leo Tolstoy’s “War and Peace” has valuable exhibits, such as images of prototypes for characters, battle scenes, and documents from that time period.
The Tolstoy museum has an extensive collection. It contains about 550,000 exhibits. Several thousand negatives with his image, as well as a large number of books that contain almost all of his works in both Russian and foreign languages were discovered here.
The museum also contains literature about Tolstoy and people who were close to him, as well as over 4,500 items that belonged to him and his family members.
Anton Chekhov House Museum
- Address: Sadovaya-Kudrinskaya 6, bldg. 2, m. Barrikadnaya
- Tel: 8 (495) 691-61-54, 8 (495) 691-38-37
- Hours of operation: Tuesday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday – 11.00am – 6.00pm (ticket office open until 5.30pm), Wednesday, Thursday – 11.00am – 9.00pm (ticket office open until 8:30pm), Monday – closed
- Website: http://goslitmuz.ru/museums/dom-muzey-a-p-chekhova/
Anton Chekhov, who was born in Taganrog, ended up in Moscow and his fate became intertwined with the capital. In Moscow, the future great writer cultivated his talent.
On Sadovaya-Kudrinskaya 6, there is a house-museum of the great 19th century playwright Anton Chekhov. The Chekhov museum opened 50 years after the writer passed away, in 1954. As of today, this is the second largest Chekhov collection in the world. The largest collection is the Chekhov House Museum in Yalta, Crimea.
This two-story stone wing, build in 1874, was the writer’s home from August 27, 1886, until his departure to Sakhalin in April 1890. It was here that he wrote his plays “Ivanov,” “Leshy,” and “Bear,” the stories “Steppe,” “Lights,” “Boring Story,” and many others.
The “dresser-house,” as Chekhov called it, hosted the most famous Russian writers, artists, actors, and musicians.
The memorial space of the house, which was restored in accordance with sketches and recollections of the writer’s brother and sister. The family was not wealthy, and Chekhov’s literary work was the only source of income. The literature exhibition halls shows visitors how the author gradually evolved from a small press writer to a creator of significant literary works.
The office contains items from a distant past: Chekhov’s desk, a pair of candle holders shaped like dragons, fishing items, and an inkwell shaped like a horse. Here Chekhov not only wrote stories and plays, but also saw patients from noon to 3.00pm. He dedicated the rest of his time on art and literature.
The museum contains lifetime editions of Chekhov’s work, a rare photo collection of the writer and his surroundings, items from the Chekhov family, and a collection of theatre posters and phototypes.
The museum will interest both Chekhov fans and those who are interested in learning more about life in Russia at the end of the 19th century.
The museum holds tours in Russian and English.
Ostrovsky House Museum
- Address: Malaya Ordynka 9, m. Tretyakovskaya
- Tel: 8 (495) 953-86-84, 8 (495) 951-11-40
- Hours of operation: Wednesday, Thursday – 1.00pm – 9.00pm, Friday, Saturday, Sunday – 12.00pm – 7.00pm, Monday, Tuesday – closed
- Website: http://www.gctm.ru/branch/dmo/
The house-museum of the Russian playwright Alexander Ostrovsky in Moscow is a branch of the theatre museum. In this house, located between Malaya Ordynka and Golikovsky Pereulok, Alexander Ostrovsky was born on March 31 (April 12), 1823, into a family of a lawyer.
Every room has its own exhibition theme – “Zamoskvorechye,” “Officials and Noblemen,” “Psychological Drama” (Larisa’s room), “The Actor’s Room.”
One of the rooms in the house-museum is dedicated to the scenic history of Ostrovsky’s play “The Storm.” Both sides of 1859 poster about the Maly Theatre premiere features photos of the first actors that performed “The Storm” at Maly and Alexandrinsky theatres. The play at Maly Theatre was a tremendous success. This room also has sketches of costumes and decorations from the 1916 show, which was featured at Alexandrinsky Theatre.
Contemporaries used to call Ostrovsky “the knight of theatre.” An in-depth knowledge of the lives of actors, the stage, and acting psychology enabled him to create plays dedicated to the theatre: “The Forest,” “Talents and Admirers,” and “Bez Viny Vinovatye.”
Ostrovsky’s plays, which are scenically effective, artistically diverse, and linguistically complex, were used to educate many generations of Russian actors. The playwright took an active part in staging his plays, creating a new realistic style of acting and stage art.
There is a special room dedicated to the embodiment of Ostrovsky’s plays on stage after the Revolution. The productions highlighted here feature some of the biggest names in theatre: Stanislavsky, Nemirovich-Danchenko, Meyerhold, and Tairov.
Marina Tsvetaeva House-Museum
- Address: Borisoglebsky Pereulok 6, bldg. 1, m. Arbatskaya, Smolenskaya
- Tel: 8 (495) 697-53-69 (for tours) 8 (495) 695-35-43 (for events)
- Hours of operation: Tuesday–Wednesday – 12.00pm – 7.00pm, Thursday – 12.00pm – 9.00pm, Friday-Sunday – 12.00pm – 7.00pm, Monday, last Friday of the month: closed
- Website: http://www.dommuseum.ru
The house where Marina Tsvetaeva’s museum is located was built in 1862. The building is an excellent example of a comfortable Russian homestead. The interior is fairly unusual: small rooms, narrow hallways, a bunch of ladders. The poet moved here with her husband and daughter in 1914. She soon met other poets of the Silver Age: Sophia Parnok and Osip Mandelstam, who fell in love with Marina.
The three years that followed were the happiest for Tsevtaeva. The Revolution, which began in 1917, brought chaos, poverty, cold, and hunger. She gave birth to a second daughter. Her husband left for Rostov to volunteer in the army. The new government turned the house into a communal home, the beautiful furniture was used as firewood, and the family moved into the kitchen – the warmest place in the house. Soon, things were so bad for Tsvetaeva and her two children that she was forced to hand her daughters over to an orphanage, where one of them died. Unable to withstand the new conditions any longer, Marina Tsvetaeva and her second child moved abroad in 1922. The house gradually deteriorated.
The museum’s exhibition tells the story of Marina Tsvetaeva’s family. The house has a Research Library, the Archive of Russian Writing from Abroad with works by Adamovich, Kuprin, Bunin, and many other writers, a space for concerts, and a Poet cafe. The ground floor of the museum has ticket booths and exhibition halls for temporary exhibitions. In the basement there is a wardrobe and a kiosk with Tsvetaeva’s books. The floor above houses photographs and manuscripts. In the living rooms, the interior and design have been restored to look like they did when Marina Tsvetaeva lived there.
The third floor of the museums has small rooms with low ceilings. The interiors here and in a few other rooms have been restored to their pre-Revolution state. Some rooms have been turned into exhibition spaces with sentimental items, photographs and letters written by the poet. There is a separate hall dedicated to her husband Sergey Efron, and officer of the white army.